Software testing is an integral part of the software development cycle. It’s a complex and lengthy process that takes a lot of time and effort from testers in order to verify product quality and effectiveness. Although this process is extremely helpful, it can also become tedious because it must be performed multiple times on different platforms. There are many requirements that must be considered and tested. This can sometimes cause uncertainty for testers. The QA team establishes specific conditions and requirements before testing begins. This helps to avoid confusion throughout the testing process. These conditions are known as entry and exit criteria. They play an important role in the software testing lifecycle.
Criteria for Entry
Entry criteria, as the name suggests, is a list of conditions or requirements that must be met or accomplished to make testing a favorable and suitable environment. After a thorough analysis and discussion of business and software requirements, the entry criteria is finalized. It ensures that the testing process runs smoothly. Neglecting to meet it can result in a decrease in quality.
These are the most common entry criteria used to indicate the start of testing.
- Code that can be tested is either complete or partial.
- These requirements are approved and defined.
- Access to sufficient and desired test data.
- Ready to go are the test cases.
- All resources, such as devices and tools, have been prepared for testing.
The QA team prepares exit criteria to ensure that they adhere to budget and deadlines. This document outlines the conditions and requirements that must be met before the software testing process ends. The exit criteria help teams of testers to finish the testing without compromising quality or effectiveness.
The by-products of software testing, i.e. test plan, test strategy, test cases, test logs, etc. Each test level can be identified from specification to execution.
These are the most common exit criteria to end or conclude testing.
- Deadlines met or budget exhausted
- Execution of all test cases and their updating.
- Desired coverage and sufficient coverage of all functionalities and requirements.
- All identified flaws have been corrected and closed.
- There has never been a critical or high-priority bug.
- Maintaining defects in their current state.